With the increasing climate crisis meaning loss of natural habitat across the board for all wild animals, the truth is that across the globe, bee numbers are declining at an alarming rate…
In the world, there are over 20,000 different species of bee and they come in various different groups; the most well-known being the Apidae, which include honeybees and bumblebees. Bees in this group have a ‘hivemind’ as they work as a group - and usually the image most people concoct when they think about bees.
However, the Apidae group only accounts for 2 in every hundred bees across the world. The rest are solitary bees who don’t live in a hive or have a queen, but often live underground and move nomadically when their home no longer suits.
These bees have evolved over time to adapt quickly and easily to their changing surroundings. They are equally as important as the Apidae in pollination (bees as a whole species are responsible for almost 1/3 of the global food supply, and are therefore vital to the world's eco system. Read more about the importance of pollinators in our blog.
There are several main reasons for the decline in bee population.
As of March 2020, there have been eight species of bee put on the endangered species list, including two types of bumblebee. Honeybees are not included in this list, however we have another blog about honey bees specifically and why their numbers are declining.
In the UK The Bumblebee Conservation Trust (BBCT), a group of volunteers, have collected data from across the UK to monitor the bumblebees changing populations have shown concern for two types of bee; the Red-tailed Bumblebee and the Early Bumblebee. We’ll be watching these numbers closely over the next couple of years. To read more about Bumblebees going extinct, check this link to National Geographic here.